animal is a ruthless act. Why then do
Muslims consume non-vegetarian food?
‘Vegetarianism’ is now a movement the world over. Many even
associate it with animal rights. Indeed, a large number of people consider
the consumption of meat and other non-vegetarian products to be a
violation of animal rights.
Islam enjoins mercy and compassion for all living
creatures. At the same time Islam maintains that Allah has created the
earth and its wondrous flora and fauna for the benefit of mankind. It is
upto mankind to use every resource in this world judiciously, as a niyamat
(Divine blessing) and amanat (trust) from Allah.
Let us look at various other aspects of this argument.
1. A Muslim can
be a pure vegetarian
A Muslim can be a very good Muslim despite being a pure
vegetarian. It is not compulsory for a Muslim to have non-vegetarian food.
permits Muslims to have non-vegetarian food
The Qur’an, however permits a Muslim to have non-vegetarian
food. The following Qur’anic verses are proof of this fact:
"O ye who believe! Fulfil (all) obligations. Lawful unto
you (for food) are all four-footed animals with the exceptions named."
"And cattle He has created for you (men): from them Ye
derive warmth, and numerous benefits, And of their (meat) ye eat."
"And in cattle (too) ye have an instructive example: From
within their bodies We produce (milk) for you to drink; there are, in
them, (besides), numerous (other) benefits for you; and of their (meat) ye
3. Meat is
nutritious and rich in complete protein
Non-vegetarian food is a good source of excellent protein.
It contains biologically complete protein i.e. all the 8 essential amino
acid that are not synthesized by the body and should be supplied in the
diet. Meat also contains iron, vitamin B1 and niacin.
have Omnivorous set of teeth
If you observe the teeth of herbivorous animals like the
cow, goat and sheep, you will find something strikingly similar in all of
them. All these animals have a set of flat teeth i.e. suited for
herbivorous diet. If you observe the set of teeth of the carnivorous
animals like the lion, tiger, or leopard, they all have a set of pointed
teeth i.e. suited for a carnivorous diet. If you analyze the set of teeth
of humans, you find that they have flat teeth as well as pointed teeth.
Thus they have teeth suited for both herbivorous as well as carnivorous
food i.e. they are omnivorous. One may ask, if Almighty God wanted humans
to have only vegetables, why did He provide us also with pointed teeth? It
is logical that He expected us to need and to have both vegetarian as well
as non-vegetarian food.
beings can digest both vegetarian and non-vegetarian food
The digestive system of herbivorous animals can digest only
vegetables. The digestive system of carnivorous animals can digest only
meat. But the digestive system of humans can digest both vegetarian and
non-vegetarian food. If Almighty God wanted us to have only vegetables
then why did He give us a digestive system that can digest both vegetarian
as well as non-vegetarian food?
scriptures give permission to have non-vegetarian food
a. There are
many Hindus who are strictly vegetarian. They think it is against their
religion to consume non-vegetarian food. But the true fact is that the
Hindu scriptures permit a person to have meat. The scriptures mention
Hindu sages and saints consuming non-vegetarian food.
b. It is
mentioned in Manu Smruti, the law book of Hindus, in chapter 5 verse 30
"The eater who eats the
flesh of those to be eaten does nothing bad, even if he does it day after
day, for God himself created some to be eaten and some to be eater."
c. Again next
verse of Manu Smruti, that is, chapter 5 verse 31 says
"Eating meat is right
for the sacrifice, this is traditionally known as a rule of the gods."
d. Further in
Manu Smruti chapter 5 verse 39 and 40 says
"God himself created
sacrificial animals for sacrifice, ...., therefore killing in a sacrifice
is not killing."
e. Mahabharata Anushashan Parva chapter 88 narrates the discussion between Dharmaraj
Yudhishthira and Pitamah Bhishma about what food one should offer to
Pitris (ancestors) during the Shraddha (ceremony of dead) to keep them
satisfied. Paragraph reads as follows:
"Yudhishthira said, "O
thou of great puissance, tell me what that object is which, if dedicated
to the Pitiris (dead ancestors), become inexhaustible! What Havi, again,
(if offered) lasts for all time? What, indeed, is that which (if
presented) becomes eternal?"
"Bhishma said, "Listen
to me, O Yudhishthira, what those Havis are which persons conversant with
the rituals of the Shraddha (the ceremony of dead) regard as suitable in
view of Shraddha and what the fruits are that attach to each. With sesame
seeds and rice and barely and Masha and water and roots and fruits, if
given at Shraddhas, the pitris, O king, remain gratified for the period of
a month. With fishes offered at Shraddhas, the pitris remain gratified for
a period of two months. With the mutton they remain gratified for three
months and with the hare for four months, with the flesh of the goat for
five months, with the bacon (meat of pig) for six months, and with the
flesh of birds for seven. With venison obtained from those deer that are
called Prishata, they remaingratified for eight months, and with that
obtained from the Ruru for nine months, and with the meat of Gavaya for
ten months, With the meat of the bufffalo their gratification lasts for
eleven months. With beef presented at the Shraddha, their gratification,
it is said , lasts for a full year. Payasa mixed with ghee is as much
acceptable to the pitris as beef. With the meat of Vadhrinasa (a large
bull) the gratification of pitris lasts for twelve years. The flesh of
rhinoceros, offered to the pitris on anniversaries of the lunar days on
which they died, becomes inexhaustible. The potherb called Kalaska, the
petals of kanchana flower, and meat of (red) goat also, thus offered,
So but natural if you
want to keep your ancestors satisfied forever, you should serve them the
meat of red goat.
was influenced by other religions
Though Hindu Scriptures permit its followers to have
non-vegetarian food, many Hindus adopted the vegetarian system because
they were influenced by other religions like Jainism.
8. Even plants
Certain religions have adopted pure vegetarianism as a
dietary law because they are totally against the killing of living
creatures. If a person can survive without killing any living creature, I
would be the first person to adopt such a way of life. In the past people
thought plants were lifeless. Today it is a universal fact that even
plants have life. Thus their logic of not killing living creatures is not
fulfilled even by being a pure vegetarian.
9. Even plants
can feel pain
They further argue that plants cannot feel pain, therefore
killing a plant is a lesser crime as compared to killing an animal. Today
science tells us that even plants can feel pain. But the cry of the plant
cannot be heard by the human being. This is due to the inability of the
human ear to hear sounds that are not in the audible range i.e. 20 Hertz
to 20,000 Hertz. Anything below and above this range cannot be heard by a
human being. A dog can hear up to 40,000 Hertz. Thus there are silent dog
whistles that have a frequency of more than 20,000 Hertz and less than
40,000 Hertz. These whistles are only heard by dogs and not by human
beings. The dog recognizes the masters whistle and comes to the master.
There was research done by a farmer in U.S.A. who invented an instrument
which converted the cry of the plant so that it could be heard by human
beings. He was able to realize immediately when the plant itself cried for
water. Latest researches show that the plants can even feel happy and sad.
It can also cry.
10. Killing a
living creature with two senses less is not a lesser crime
Once a vegetarian argued his case by saying that plants
only have two or three senses while the animals have five senses.
Therefore killing a plant is a lesser crime than killing an
animal. Suppose your brother is born deaf and dumb and has two senses less
as compared to other human beings. He becomes mature and someone murders
him. Would you ask the judge to give the murderer a lesser punishment
because your brother has two senses less? In fact you would say that he
has killed a masoom, an innocent person, and the judge should give the
murderer a greater punishment.
In fact the Qur’an says:
"O ye people! Eat of what is on earth, lawful and good"
population of cattle
If every human being was a vegetarian, it would lead to
overpopulation of cattle in the world, since their reproduction and
multiplication is very swift. Allah (swt) in His Divine Wisdom knows how
to maintain the balance of His creation appropriately. No wonder He has
permitted us to have the meat of the cattle.
12. Cost of meat
is reasonable since all aren’t non-vegetarians
I do not mind if some people are pure vegetarians. However
they should not condemn non-vegetarians as ruthless. In fact if all
Indians become non-vegetarians then the present non-vegetarians would be
losers since the prices of meat would rise.