Concept of God in
Muhammad in Hindus' Scripture
The most popular among the Aryan religions is Hinduism.
‘Hindu’ is actually a Persian word that stands for the
inhabitants of the region beyond the Indus Valley. However,
in common parlance, Hinduism is a blanket term for an
assortment of religious beliefs, most of which are based on
the Vedas, the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita.
There are several sacred
scriptures of the Hindus. Among these are the Vedas,
Upanishads and the Puranas.
The word Veda is derived from vid which means to
know, knowledge par excellence or sacred wisdom.
There are four principal divisions of the Vedas
(although according to their number, they amount to
1131 out of which about a dozen are available).
According to Maha Bhashya of Patanjali, there are 21
branches of Rigveda, 9 types of Atharvaveda, 101
branches of Yajurveda and 1000 of Samveda).
The Rigveda, the Yajurveda and the Samveda are
considered to be more ancient books and are known as
Trai Viddya or the ‘Triple Sciences’. The Rigveda is
the oldest and has been compiled in three long and
different periods of time. The 4th Veda is the
Atharvaveda, which is of a later date.
There is no unanimous opinion regarding the date of
compilation or revelation of the four Vedas.
According to Swami Dayanand, founder of the Arya
Samaj, the Vedas were revealed 1310 million years
ago. According to other scholars, they are not more
than 4000 years old.
Similarly, there are differing opinions regarding
the places where these books were compiled and the
Rishis to whom these Scriptures were given. Inspite
of these differences, the Vedas are considered to be
the most authentic of the Hindu Scriptures and the
real foundations of the Hindu Dharma.
The word 'Upanishad' is derived from Upa meaning
near, Ni which means down and Shad means to sit.
Therefore ‘Upanishad’ means sitting down near.
Groups of pupils sit near the teacher to learn from
him the secret doctrines.
According to Samkara, ‘Upanishad’ is derived from
the root word Sad which means ‘to loosen’, ‘to
reach’ or ‘to destroy’, with Upa and ni as prefix;
therefore ‘Upanishad’ means Brahma-Knowledge by
which ignorance is loosened or destroyed.
The number of Upanishads exceeds 200 though the
Indian tradition puts it at 108. There are 10
principal Upanishads. However, some consider them to
be more than 10, while others 18.
The Vedanta meant originally the Upanishads, though
the word is now used for the system of philosophy
based on the Upanishad. Literally, Vedanta means the
end of the Veda, Vedasua-antah, and the conclusion
as well as the goal of Vedas. The Upanishads are the
concluding portion of the Vedas and chronologically
they come at the end of the Vedic period.
Some Pundits consider the Upanishads to be more
superior to the Vedas.
Next in order of authenticity are the Puranas which are
the most widely read scriptures. It is believed that the
Puranas contain the history of the creation of the
universe, history of the early Aryan tribes, life
stories of the divines and deities of the Hindus. It is
also believed that the Puranas are revealed books like
the Vedas, which were revealed simultaneously with the
Vedas or sometime close to it.
Maharishi Vyasa has divided the Puranas into 18
voluminous parts. He also arranged the Vedas under
Chief among the Puranas is a book known as Bhavishya
Purana. It is called so because it is believed to give
an account of future events. The Hindus consider it to
be the word of God. Maharishi yasa is considered to be
just the compiler of the book.
The two epics of Hinduism are the Ramayana and
According to Ramanuja, the great scholar of
Ramayana, there are more than 300 different types of
Ramayana: Tulsidas Ramayana, Kumbha Ramayana. Though
the outline of Ramayana is same, the details and
Unlike the Mahabharata, the Ramayana appears to be
the work of one person – the sage Valmiki, who
probably composed it in the 3rd century BC. Its
best-known recension (by Tulsi Das, 1532-1623)
consists of 24,000 rhymed couplets of 16-syllable
lines organised into 7 books. The poem incorporates
many ancient legends and draws on the sacred books
of the Vedas. It describes the efforts of Kosala’s
heir, Rama, to regain his throne and rescue his
wife, Sita, from the demon King of Lanka.
Valmiki's Ramayana is a Hindu epic tradition whose
earliest literary version is a Sanskrit poem
attributed to the sage Valmiki. Its principal
characters are said to present ideal models of
personal, familial, and social behavior and hence
are considered to exemplify Dharma, the principle of
The nucleus of the Mahabharata is the war of
eighteen days fought between the Kauravas, the
hundred sons of Dhritarashtra and Pandavas, the five
sons of Pandu. The epic entails all the
circumstances leading upto the war. Involved in this
Kurukshetra battle were almost all the kings of
India joining either of the two parties. The result
of this war was the total annihilation of Kauravas
and their party. Yudhishthira, the head of the
Pandavas, became the sovereign monarch of
Hastinapura. His victory is supposed to symbolise
the victory of good over evil. But with the progress
of years, new matters and episodes relating to the
various aspects of human life, social, economic,
political, moral and religious as also fragments of
other heroic legends came to be added to the
aforesaid nucleus and this phenomenon continued for
centuries until it acquired the present shape. The
Mahabharata represents a whole literature rather
than one single and unified work, and contains many
Bhagavad Gita is a part of Mahabharata. It is the
advice given by Krishna to Arjun on the battlefield
of Kurukshetra. It contains the essence of the Vedas
and is the most popular of all the Hindu Scriptures.
It contains 18 chapters.
The Bhagavad Gita is one of the most widely read and
revered of the works sacred to the Hindus. It is
their chief devotional book, and has been for
centuries the principal source of religious
inspiration for many thousands of Hindus.
The Gita is a dramatic poem, which forms a small
part of the larger epic, the Mahabharata. It is
included in the sixth book (Bhismaparvan) of the
Mahabaharata and documents one tiny event in a huge
The Bhagavad Gita tells a story of a moral crisis
faced by Arjuna, which is solved through the
interaction between Arjuna, a Pandava warrior
hesitating before battle, and Krishna, his
charioteer and teacher. The Bhagavad Gita relates a
brief incident in the main story of a rivalry and
eventually a war between two branches of a royal
family. In that brief incident - a pause on the
battlefield just as the battle is about to begin -
Krishna, one chief on one side (also believed to be
the Lord incarnate), is presented as responding to
the doubts of Arjuna. The poem is the dialogue
through which Arjuna’s doubts were resolved by
Concept of God in
Common Concept of God in
Hinduism is commonly perceived as a polytheistic
religion. Indeed, most Hindus would attest to this, by
professing belief in multiple Gods. While some Hindus
believe in the existence of three gods, some believe in
thousands of gods, and some others in thirty three crore
i.e. 330 million Gods. However, learned Hindus, who are
well versed in their scriptures, insist that a Hindu
should believe in and worship only one God.
The major difference between the Hindu and the Muslim
perception of God is the common Hindus’ belief in the
philosophy of Pantheism. Pantheism considers everything,
living and non-living, to be Divine and Sacred. The
common Hindu, therefore, considers everything as God. He
considers the trees as God, the sun as God, the moon as
God, the monkey as God, the snake as God and even human
beings as manifestations of God!
Islam, on the contrary, exhorts man to consider himself
and his surroundings as examples of Divine Creation
rather than as divinity itself. Muslims therefore
believe that everything is God’s i.e. the word ‘God’
with an apostrophe ‘s’. In other words the Muslims
believe that everything belongs to God. The trees belong
to God, the sun belongs to God, the moon belongs to God,
the monkey belongs to God, the snake belongs to God, the
human beings belong to God and everything in this
universe belongs to God.
Thus the major difference between the Hindu and the
Muslim beliefs is the difference of the apostrophe ‘s’.
The Hindu says everything is God. The Muslim says
everything is God’s.
Concept of God according to Hindu Scriptures
We can gain a better understanding of the concept of God
in Hinduism by analysing Hindu scriptures.
The most popular amongst all the Hindu
scriptures is the Bhagavad Gita.
Consider the following verse from the Gita:
"Those whose intelligence has been stolen by
material desires surrender unto demigods and follow
the particular rules and regulations of worship
according to their own natures."
[Bhagavad Gita 7:20]
The Gita states that people who are materialistic
worship demigods i.e. ‘gods’ besides the True God.
The Upanishads are considered sacred scriptures
by the Hindus.
The following verses from the Upanishads refer to
the Concept of God:
"He is One only without a second."
[Chandogya Upanishad 6:2:1]
"Na casya kascij janita na cadhipah."
"Of Him there are neither parents nor lord."
[Svetasvatara Upanishad 6:9]
"Na tasya pratima asti"
"There is no likeness of Him."
[Svetasvatara Upanishad 4:19]
The following verses from the Upanishad allude to
the inability of man to imagine God in a particular
"Na samdrse tisthati rupam asya, na caksusa pasyati
"His form is not to be seen; no one sees Him with
[Svetasvatara Upanishad 4:20]
Vedas are considered the most sacred of all the
Hindu scriptures. There are four principal Vedas:
Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samveda and Atharvaveda.
The following verses from the Yajurveda echo
a similar concept of God:
"na tasya pratima asti
"There is no image of Him."
"He is bodyless and pure."
"Andhatama pravishanti ye asambhuti mupaste"
"They enter darkness, those who worship the
natural elements" (Air, Water, Fire, etc.).
"They sink deeper in darkness, those who worship
Sambhuti means created things, for example
table, chair, idol, etc.
The Yajurveda contains the following prayer:
"Lead us to the good path and remove the sin
that makes us stray and wander."
The Atharvaveda praises God in Book 20, hymn
58 and verse 3:
"Dev maha osi"
"God is verily great"
The oldest of all the vedas is Rigveda. It
is also the one considered most sacred by the
Hindus. The Rigveda states in Book 1, hymn 164
and verse 46:
"Sages (learned Priests) call one God by many
The Rigveda gives several different attributes
to Almighty God. Many of these are mentioned in
Rigveda Book 2 hymn 1.
Among the various attributes of God, one of the
beautiful attributes mentioned in the Rigveda
Book II hymn 1 verse 3, is Brahma. Brahma means
‘The Creator’. Translated into Arabic it means
Khaaliq. Muslims can have no objection if
Almighty God is referred to as Khaaliq or
‘Creator’ or Brahma. However if it is said that
Brahma is Almighty God who has four heads with
each head having a crown, Muslims take strong
exception to it.
Describing Almighty God in anthropomorphic terms
also goes against the following verse of
"Na tasya Pratima asti"
"There is no image of Him."
Another beautiful attribute of God mentioned in
the Rigveda Book II hymn 1 verse 3 is Vishnu.
Vishnu means ‘The Sustainer’. Translated into
Arabic it means Rabb. Again, Muslims can have no
objection if Almighty God is referred to as Rabb
or 'Sustainer' or Vishnu. But the popular image
of Vishnu among Hindus, is that of a God
who has four arms, with one of the right arms
holding the Chakra, i.e. a discus and one of the
left arms holding a ‘conch shell’, or riding a
bird or reclining on a snake couch. Muslims can
never accept any image of God. As mentioned
earlier this also goes against Svetasvatara
Upanishad Chapter 4 verse 19.
"Na tasya pratima asti"
"There is no likeness of Him"
The following verse from the Rigveda Book 8,
hymn 1, verse 1 refer to the Unity and Glory of
the Supreme Being:
"Ma cid anyad vi sansata sakhayo ma rishanyata"
"O friends, do not worship anybody but Him,
the Divine One. Praise Him alone."
"Devasya samituk parishtutih"
"Verily, great is the glory of the Divine
Brahma Sutra of Hinduism
The Brahma Sutra of Hinduism is:
"Ekam Brahm, dvitiya naste neh na naste kinchan"
"There is only one God, not the second; not at
all, not at all, not in the least bit."
Thus only a dispassionate study of the Hindu
scriptures can help one understand the concept of
God in Hinduism.
Prophet Muhammad in Hindus' Scripture
According to Bhavishya Purana in the
Prati Sarag Parv III Khand 3 Adhay 3 Shloka 5 to 8.
"A malecha (belonging to a foreign country and speaking a foreign
language) spiritual teacher will appear with his companions. His name
will be Mohammad. Raja (Bhoj) after giving this Maha Dev Arab (of
angelic disposition) a bath in the Panchgavya and the Ganga water (i.e.
purifying him of all sins) offered him the present of his sincere
devotion and showing him all reverence said, "I make obeisance to thee.
O ye! The pride of mankind, the dweller in Arabia, Ye have collected a
great force to kill the Devil and you yourself have been protected from
the malecha opponents."
The Prophecy clearly
name of the Prophet as Mohammad.
belong to Arabia. The Sanskrit word Marusthal means a sandy track of
land or a desert.
mention is made of the companions of the Prophet, i.e. the Sahabas. No
other Prophet had as many companions as Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
He is referred as the pride of mankind (Parbatis nath).
The Glorious Qur’an reconfirms this
"And thou (standest) on an exalted standard of character" [Al-Qur'an
"Ye have indeed in the Messenger of Allah, a beautiful pattern (of
conduct)". [Al-Qur'an 33:21]
He will kill the devil, i.e. abolish idol worship and
all sorts of vices.
The Prophet will be given protection against his
Some people may argue that ‘Raja’ Bhoj mentioned in
the prophecy lived in the 11th century C.E. 500 years after the advent
of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and was the descendant in the 10th generation
of Raja Shalivahan. These people fail to realise that there was not only
one Raja of the name Bhoj. The Egyptian Monarchs were called as Pharaoh
and the Roman Kings were known as Caesar, similarly the Indian Rajas
were given the title of Bhoj. There were several Raja Bhoj who came
before the one in 11th Century C.E.
The Prophet did not physically take a bath in the Panchgavya and the
water of Ganges. Since the water of Ganges is considered holy, taking
bath in the Ganges is an idiom, which means washing away sins or
immunity from all sorts of sins. Here the prophecy implies that Prophet
Muhammad (pbuh) was sinless, i.e. Maasoom.
According to Bhavishya Purana in the Pratisarag
Parv III Khand 3 Adhay 3 Shloka 10 to 27 Maharishi Vyas has prophesised:
Malecha have spoiled the well-known land of the Arabs. Arya Dharma
is not to be found in the country. Before also there appeared a misguided fiend whom I had
killed; he has now again appeared being sent by a powerful enemy. To show these enemies
the right path and to give them guidance, the well-known Muhammad (pbuh), is busy in
bringing the Pishachas to the right path. O Raja, You need not go to the
land of the foolish Pishachas, you will be purified through my kindness even where
you are. At night, he of the angelic disposition, the shrewd man, in the guise of
said to Raja Bhoj, "O Raja! Your Arya Dharma has been
made to prevail over all religions, but according to the commandments of
Parmatma, I shall enforce the strong creed of the meat eaters. My followers will be
men circumcised, without a tail (on his head), keeping beard, creating a revolution
announcing the Aadhaan (the Muslim call for prayer) and will be eating all lawful
things. He will eat all sorts of animals except swine. They will not seek purification
from the holy shrubs, but will be purified through warfare. On account of their fighting
the irreligious nations, they will be known as Musalmaans. I shall be the
originator of this religion of the meat-eating nations."
The Prophecy states that:
- The evil doers have corrupted the Arab land.
Arya Dharma is not
found in that land.
need not go the Arab land since his purification will take place in India after the
will arrive in India.
The coming Prophet will
attest the truth of the Aryan faith, i.e. Monotheism and will reform the misguided people.
followers will be circumcised. They will be without a tail on the head and bear a beard
and will create a great revolution.
They will announce the
i.e. the Muslim call for prayer.
He will only eat lawful
things and animals but will not eat pork. The Quran confirms this in no less than 4
In Surah Al-Baqarah chapter 2 verse 173
In Surah Al-Maidah chapter 5 verse 3
In Surah Al-Anam chapter 6 verse 145
In Surah Al-Nahl chapter 16 verse 115
"Forbidden to you for food are dead meat, blood, flesh of swine, and that on which
hath been invoked the name of other than Allah".
They will not purify with
grass like the Hindus but by means of sword they will fight their irreligious people.
They will be called
They will be a
The eating of herbivorous animals is confirmed by the Quran in Surah Maidah, chapter
5 verse 1 and in Surah Muminun chapter 23 verse 21
According to Bhavishya
Purana, Parv - III Khand 1 Adhay 3 Shloka 21-23:
persecution are found in seven sacred cities of Kashi, etc. India is inhabited by
Shabor, Bhil and other foolish people. In the land of Malechhas, the
followers of the Malechha dharma (Islam) are wise and brave people. All good
qualities are found in Musalmaans and all sorts of vices have accumulated in the
land of the Aryas. Islam will rule in India and its islands. Having known these facts, O
glorify the name of thy lord".
The Quran confirms
this in Surah Taubah chapter 9 verse 33 and in Surah Al Saff chapter 61 verse 9:
"It is He who hath
sent His Messenger with Guidance and the Religion of Truth, to proclaim it over all
religion, even though the Pagans may detest (it)".
A similar message is given
in Surah Fatah chapter 48 verses 28 ending with, "and enough is Allah as a
In the 20th book of Atharvaveda Hymn 127 Some Suktas
(chapters) are known as Kuntap Sukta. Kuntap means the consumer of
misery and troubles. Thus meaning the message of peace and safety and if
translated in Arabic means Islam.
Kuntap also means
hidden glands in the abdomen. These mantras are called so probably because their
true meaning was hidden and was to be revealed in future. Its hidden meaning is also
connected with the navel or the middle point of this earth. Makkah is called the Ummul
Qura the mother of the towns or the naval of the earth. In many revealed books
it was the first house of Divine worship where God Almighty gave spiritual nourishment to
the world. The Quran says in Surah Ali-Imran chapter 3, verse 96:
"The first house (of
worship) appointed for men was that at Bakkah (Makkah) full of blessings and of
guidance and for all kinds of beings". Thus Kuntap stands for Makkah or Bakkah.
Several people have
translated these Kuntap Suktas like M. Bloomfield, Prof. Ralph Griffith, Pandit Rajaram,
Pandit Khem Karan, etc.
The main points mentioned
in the Kuntap Suktas i.e. in Atharvaveda book 20 Hymn 127 verses 1-13 are:
He is Narashansah or the praised one (Muhammad). He is Kaurama: the prince
of peace or the emigrant, who is safe, even amongst a host of 60,090 enemies.
He is a camel-riding Rishi, whose chariot touches the heaven.
He is Mamah Rishi who is given a hundred gold coins, ten chaplets (necklaces),
three hundred good steeds and ten thousand cows.
Vachyesv rebh. Oh! ye who glorifies.
The Sanskrit word Narashansah means ‘the praised
one’, which is the literal translation of the Arabic word Muhammad (pbuh).
The Sanskrit word Kaurama means one who spreads and promotes peace. The
holy Prophet was the Prince of Peace and he preached equality of human kind
and universal brotherhood. Kaurama also means an emigrant. The Prophet migrated
from Makkah to Madinah and was thus also an Emigrant.
He will be protected from
60,090 enemies, which was the population of Makkah. The Prophet would ride a camel. This
clearly indicates that it cannot be an Indian Rishi, since it is forbidden for a Brahman
to ride a camel according to the Sacred Books of the East, volume 25, Laws of Manu
pg. 472. According to Manu Smirti chapter 11 verse 202, "A Brahman is prohibited from
riding a camel or an ass and to bathe naked. He should purify himself by suppressing his
This mantra gave the Rishi's name as Mamah. No rishi in India or another
Prophet had this name Mamah which is derived from Mah which means to esteem
highly, or to revere, to exalt, etc. Some Sanskrit books give the Prophets name as
Mohammad, but this word according to Sanskrit grammar can also be used in the
bad sense. It is incorrect to apply grammar to an Arabic word. Actually shas the
same meaning and somewhat similar pronunciation as the word Muhammad
He is given 100 gold coins, which refers to the believers and the earlier companions of
the Prophet during his turbulent Makkan life. Later on due to persecution they migrated
from Makkah to Abysinia. Later when Prophet migrated to Madinah all of them joined him in
The 10 chaplets or necklaces were the 10 best companions of the Holy Prophet (pbuh)
known as Ashra-Mubbashshira (10 bestowed with good news). These were foretold in
this world of their salvation in the hereafter i.e. they were given the good news of
entering paradise by the Prophets own lips and after naming each one he said
"in Paradise". They were Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali, Talha, Zubair, Abdur
Rahman Ibn Auf, Saad bin Abi Waqqas, Saad bin Zaid and Abu Ubaidah (May Allah be
well-pleased with all of them).
The Sanskrit word Go is derived from Gaw which means
to go to war. A cow is also called Go and is a symbol of war as well as
peace. The 10,000 cows refer to the 10,000 companions who accompanied the Prophet (pbuh)
when he entered Makkah during Fateh Makkah which was a unique victory in the
history of mankind in which there was no blood shed. The 10,000 companions were pious and
compassionate like cows and were at the same time strong and fierce and are described in
the Holy Quran in Surah Fatah:
"Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; and those who are with him
are strong against unbelievers, (but) compassionate amongst each other." [Al-Qur'an 48:29]
This mantra calls the Prophet as Rebh which means one who
praises, which when translated into Arabic is Ahmed, which is another name for the Holy
Battle of the Allies described in the Vedas.
It is mentioned in Atharvaveda Book XX Hymn 21 verse 6, "Lord of
the truthful! These liberators drink these feats of bravery and the inspiring songs
gladdened thee in the field of battle. When thou renders vanquished without fight the ten
thousand opponents of the praying one, the adoring one."
This Prophecy of the Veda describes the well-known battle of Ahzab or the battle
of the Allies during the time of Prophet Muhammed. The Prophet was victorious without an
actual conflict which is mentioned in the Quran in Surah Ahzab:
"When the believers saw the confederate forces they said, "This is what Allah
and His Messenger had promised us and Allah and His Messenger told us what was true."
And it only added to their faith and their zeal in obedience." [Al-Qur'an 33:22]
The Sanskrit word karo in the Mantra
means the praying one which when translated into Arabic means
Ahmed, the second name of Prophet Muhammed (pbuh).
The 10,000 opponents mentioned in the Mantra
were the enemies of the Prophet and the Muslims were only 3000 in number.
The last words of the Mantra aprati ni
bashayah means the defeat was given to the enemies without an actual fight.
The enemies defeat in the conquest of
Makkah is mentioned in Atharvaveda book 20 Hymn 21 verse no 9:
"You have O Indra, overthrown 20 kings and 60,099 men with an outstripping Chariot
wheel who came to fight the praised one or far famed (Muhammad) orphan."
The population of Makkah at the time of
Prophets advent was nearly 60,000
There were several clans in Makkah each
having its own chief. Totally there were about 20 chiefs to rule the population of Makkah.
An Abandhu meaning a helpless man who
was far-famed and praised one. Muhammad (pbuh) overcame his enemies with the
help of God.
A similar prophecy is also found in Rigveda Book I, Hymn 53 verse 9:
The Sanskrit word used is Sushrama,
which means praiseworthy or well praised which in Arabic means Muhammad (pbuh).
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is also prophesised in the Samveda Book II Hymn 6
"Ahmed acquired from
his Lord the knowledge of eternal law. I received light from him just as from the
sun." The Prophecy confirms:
The name of the Prophet as Ahmed since Ahmed
is an Arabic name. Many translators misunderstood it to be Ahm at hi and translated
the mantra as "I alone have acquired the real wisdom of my father".
Prophet was given
eternal law, i.e. the Shariah.
The Rishi was
enlightened by the Shariah of Prophet. Muhammad. The Quran says in Surah Saba
chapter 34 verse 28.
"We have not sent thee but as a universal (Messenger) to men, giving
them glad tidings and warning them (against sin), but most men understand not." [Al-Qur'an 34:28]